Macau, also spelt Macao, and
officially the Macau Special Administrative
Region of the People's Republic of China, is a
special administrative region on the western
side of the Pearl River estuary in southern
China. With a population of 667,400 and an area
of 32.9 km2 (12.7 sq mi), it is the most densely
populated region in the world.
Macau was formerly a colony of the Portuguese Empire, after Ming China leased the territory as a trading post in 1557. Between 1557 and 1887, Macau was governed by the Portuguese under Chinese sovereignty and authority. In 1887, Portugal was given perpetual colonial rights for Macau. The colony remained under Portuguese rule until 1999, when it was transferred to China. As a special administrative region, Macau maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China.
Originally a sparsely populated collection of coastal islands, the territory has become a major resort city and the top destination for gambling tourism. It is the ninth-highest recipient of tourism revenue and its gambling industry is seven times larger than that of Las Vegas. Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, it has severe income inequality. Its GDP per capita by purchasing power parity is one of the highest in the world and higher than any country in the world in 2014 according to the World Bank.
Macau has a very high Human Development Index. The government of Macau calculates its own HDI. Macau has the fourth-highest life expectancy in the world. The territory is highly urbanised and most development is built on reclaimed land; two-thirds of total land area is reclaimed from the sea.
The belows are recommended attractions, but not the final arrangement. The detailed arrangement will be updated in September 2021.
Ruins of St. Paul's & Macau Museum
The Ruins of Saint Paul's are the
ruins of a 17th-century Catholic religious
complex in Santo António, Macau, China. It
includes what was originally St. Paul's College
and the Church of St. Paul (Igreja de São Paulo)
also known as "Mater Dei", a 17th-century
Portuguese church dedicated to Saint Paul the
Apostle. Today, the ruins are one of Macau's
best known landmarks and one of the Seven
Wonders of Portuguese Origin in the World. In
2005, they were officially listed as part of the
Historic Centre of Macau, a UNESCO World
The Macau Museum is located on the hill of the Fortaleza do Monte in Santo António, Macau, China. The museum presents the history of the city and territory of the former Portuguese colony of Macau, now a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
Planning for the museum started in April 1995, its construction began in September 1996. The museum was inaugurated on 18 April 1998. The museum building is located within the interior of the Fortaleza do Monte. Its total size is about 2,800 m², with around 2,100 m² of exhibition space.
Macau Tower Convention & Entertainment Centre, also
known as Macau Tower, is a tower located in Sé, Macau. The
tower measures 338 m (1,109 ft) in height from ground level
to the highest point. Its observation deck features views,
restaurants, theaters, shopping malls and the Skywalk X, a
walking tour around the outer rim. It offers the best view
of Macau and in recent years has been used for a variety of
adventurous activities. At 233 metres, the Macau Tower's
tethered "skyjump" and Bungee jump by AJ Hackett from the
tower's outer rim, is the highest commercial skyjump in the
world (233 metres), and the second highest commercial
decelerator descent facility in the world, after Vegas'
Stratosphere skyjump at 252 metres. The tower was created by
the architecture firm of Moller Architects.
The tower is one of the members of the World Federation of Great Towers. Besides being used for observation and entertainment, the tower is also used for telecommunications and broadcasting. It and the Grand Lisboa hotel are the most recognizable landmarks in the Macau skyline.
Macau cuisine consists of a mosaic of southern
Chinese (especially Cantonese) and Portuguese cuisines, and
fusion cusine with significant influences from Southeast
Asia and the Lusophone world. Although many routinely
consumed dishes in Macau belong to a subclass (Heungshan) of
Cantonese cuisine, a reowned distinct cuisine called
Macanese cuisine is unique to Macau. Many unique Macanese
dishes resulted from the spice blends that the wives of
Portuguese sailors used in an attempt to replicate European
dishes. Besides local Chinese ingredients, ingredients and
seasonings of Macanese dishes also include those from
Europe, Latin America, Africa, India and Southeast Asia.
Genuine Portuguese and Spanish cuisine can also be found in
Common cooking techniques include baking, grilling and roasting. The former, seldom seen in other styles of Chinese cooking, exemplifies the eclectic nature of Macanese cooking. Macau is renowned for its flavour-blending culture, and modern Macanese cuisine may be considered a type of fusion cuisine.
Typically, Macanese food is seasoned with various spices including turmeric, coconut milk, and cinnamon, and dried cod (bacalhau) , giving special aromas and tastes. Famous dishes include galinha à Portuguesa, galinha à Africana (African chicken), bacalhau (traditional Portuguese salt cod), pato de cabidela, Macanese chili shrimps, minchi, and stir-fried curry crab. Other dishes include pig's ear and papaya salad, and rabbit stewed in wine, cinnamon and star anise. Tapas are also an integral part of Macanese cuisine.
The most popular dessert is pastéis de nata (egg tarts). The most popular desserts/snacks like ginger milk, pork chop bun, and almond cake are generally considered Macau cuisine rather than Macanese cuisine because they are either originated from Zhongshan and Zhuhai or considered not exotic/Portuguese enough.